A colorectal specialist is a doctor who specialized in disorders and diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus. In the past, these doctors were called proctologists but the term has fallen out of use.
Doctors who choose to specialize in colorectal surgery and go on to become a colorectal specialist see a need to help those patients suffering from a variety of disorders and diseases that can negatively affect their lives. Colorectal specialists work with the patient throughout their treatment to ensure the best results.
What Does A Colorectal Specialist Treat?
Colorectal specialists treat a wide variety of conditions, both minor and severe, of the lower gastrointestinal tract including:
- Crohn’s Disease
- Rectal prolapse
- Anal fistulas, abscesses, and fissures
- Bowel incontinence
- Bowel cancer
They also perform a wide variety of screening and diagnostic tests in order to accurately diagnose these conditions and determine the right treatment:
- Stool cultures
Based on their diagnosis, a colorectal specialist may recommend surgery or a “wait and see” approach to give the patient more options. Often, waiting before jumping into surgery opens up more treatment options.
When To See A Colorectal Specialist
Patients should refer to a colorectal specialist if they need specialized surgery or treatment that cannot be treated by their physician or gastroenterologist. This can include hemorrhoid surgery for hemorrhoids that have prolapsed or don’t respond to other treatments.
Colorecral specialists will keep surgeries as minimally invasive as possible to promote healing and the comfort of the patient.